Generalized mathematical model of "anatomy" of transformer type and electric machine
type reactors, algorithm and its program realization are developed on the basis of Maxwell's
field theory and finite elements method. By dint of created model correlations between
constructive and schemotechnical features of devices and their differential and integral
characteristics are established.
Mathematical model takes into consideration a nonlinearity of magnetic environment and
an actual longitudinal and cross geometry of transformer type and electric machine type
facilities, respectively.
The distinctive feature of this model is considerable simplification of initial data file
preparation due to program coordinates calculation of the majority of finite elements ensemble
knots. Another feature is realization of automatic ensemble building in AutoCAD graphic
environment. These peculiarities improve calculation region approximation adequation, exclude
routine work and simplify results analyzing.
Calculations of fixed and quasifixed magnetic fields in a typical constructions of
controlled and saturated reactors are performed. Project decisions for facilities optimization are
taken on the base of results analyzing.

Generalized mathematical model of electromagnetic regimes (normal, transient, non
symmetric, etc) of combined facilities operating, algorithm and its program realization are
developed on the basis of electric and magnetic circuits nonlinear theory. An active part of
these facilities contains arbitrary constructed magnetic core with attached windings.
This model takes into account losses in magnetic core steel and an actual configuration of
magnetic circuit. (The losses are considered to be a function of magnetic induction). For the
sake of computer solving stability improving and calculation time reducing the model is
represented in transformed system of physical quantities.
Electromagnetic regimes and phenomena occurring at magnetizing of typical constructed
magnetic cores of controlled and saturated reactors are calculated and researched.

For the aim of choosing of main transformer type facility dimensions (diameter of
magnetic core pivots, mean diameter of ring dissipation channel, wending height) a program for
calculation is developed. The program provides minimal active part cost optimization and takes
into consideration limitations on normalized parameters, e.g. idling and short circuit losses, short
circuit voltage, idling current, etc.
The distinctive characteristic of this program is a high level of universality. On the base of
this program the calculations are performed according to features listed: 1) magnetic core
construction (plane charged, spatial joined, spatial twisted); 2) magnetic core material (cold
rolled steel, hotrolled steel); 3) concentric windings number per phase (2, 3); 4) winding cable
material (Cu, Al); 5) cooling (oil, natural air).
